Storified by ebanreb· Fri, Apr 12 2013 21:48:52
Tapenade is a condiment from the south of France known as Provence. It is made by crushing olives and adding olive oil to obtain a spreadable paste. You can find tapenade made with both green and black olives. Other possible ingredients in a tapenade are: anchovies, lemons, capers, garlic and herbs. You could try making your own, but there are many very high quality products ready to go in a jar.
Beyond this recipe, here are some other easy ways to enjoy tapenade:
Goat cheese-(foie d oie cru) is called fromage de chevre, or simple chevre in France, where you will find over a hundred varieties. Sometimes the goat's milk is mixed with cow's milk to create a mi-chevre. Pur chèvre contains only goat's milk. Goat cheese is fun - it comes in a wide variety of shapes and sizes and sometimes special little boxes.
For this recipe I used a log of goat cheese, which was easily sliced and distributed on top of the tart. You could try something different though, perhaps one that you could crumble on top.
You will frequently find puff pastry used in French recipes, both savory and sweet. While I am sure that there are some ambitious (and perhaps a bit crazed) home chefs that are quite ready to make their own, you can use a prepared puff pastry for this recipe. Here in France we can buy good quality puff pastry in the refrigerator section of the grocery store, but you may have to go all the way to the freezer section to find it depending on where you live. Please do look for a quality product with a minimum of ingredients. It should be made with flour, butter, salt and not much else.